Farmers in Mongolia’s cereal crop growing regions such as the provinces of Bulgan and Selenge have already begun cultivation. For example, in Bulgan Province, farmers are planning to cultivate a total of 42 thousand hectares; 1000 hectares with wheat.
At this time of year average daytime temperatures reach 5-10 Celsius in 60 percent of Mongolian agricultural regions. In other regions, average temperatures are 1.5-2.0 Celsius warmer than normal.
According to the Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Light Industry, a total area of 360.0 thousand hectares is to be cultivated by wheat nationally in 2020 – an increase of 20.0 thousand hectares compared to previous year – in order to prevent flour shortage which may result from the consequences of the coronavirus pandemic. Last year, Mongolia harvested a total of 407.6 thousand tonnes of wheat from 339.4 thousand hectares; of this, 247.4 thousand tonnes were sold to flour producers.
In addition, the country of three million plans to cultivate tomatoes on 16.0 thousand hectares, vegetables on 11.6 thousand hectares, oil crops on 45.0 thousand hectares, and fodder crops on 38.2 thousand hectares; 7.3 thousand hectares will be used for growing fruit.